الصفحة الرئيسية للسيد طعمة السعدي 
Home      رسالة منظمة حقوق الأنسان الى الملوك والرؤساء العرب وقادة العالم ، النص الانكليزي 15 تشرين أول 1980
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The Iraqi Committee for Human Rights and Political Prisoners Defence (ICHRPPD)

Baghdad/Iraq, Nov. 15th, 1980

(Actually Heerbrugg, Switzerland)

Dear Sir,

The Iraqi Committee for Human Rights and Political Prisoners Defense is an independent Organization dedicated to enforce the human rights of the Iraqi people and to release the increasing number of political prisoners who have been jailed and tortured by Saddam Hussein’s Regime.

In the name of the tortured Iraqi people, kindly take a few minutes of your time to let us explain the savage ways used by Saddam Hussein to rule Iraq since July 1968.

The history of modern Iraq goes back to 1921, and as you know, Iraq was a constitutional kingdom until a military coup brought the army to power in July 1958. During monarchy governments, Iraqi people enjoyed a good level of freedom and democracy.

Since the first coup, a Ba’athist coup brought them to power between February 1963 until November 18th 1963, where the blood thirsty Ba’athist lost the power to the moderate Abdul-Salam Aref. The last coup in this series occurred on July 17th 1968, which brought Ahmad Hasan Al-Bakr to power. He became president of the Republic of Iraq. His cousin, Saddam Hussein became later one of the three vice presidents.

Since 1968, Saddam Hussein was eager to become the first man in the ruling Al-Ba’ath party and the president of the republic. In order to achieve these goals he did not hesitate to adopt the savage policies which consisted of assassinations or executions of any potential political opponents. Noting that he has killed one of his cousins in 1959, which mark one of his first known crimes.

There follows an outline of reported and documented crimes which brought to power the most criminal tyrant in recent ages.

Since 1968 and up to November of 1980 more than 35000 persons were executed for political reasons in Iraq. Their only ‘crime’, in Saddam Hussein’s opinion, was they did not satisfy their murderer Saddam Hussein in their faithfulness. In addition, over 110,000 political prisoners are jailed in secret prisons all over Iraq, including consisting many ordinary houses located in Al-Nidhal Street and Al-Saadoon Park district in Baghdad. These locations are prohibited zones and heavily guarded by the security police.

After an unfortunate person is brought to these prisons, a savage torture takes place. This matter will be described later.

Actually, it is difficult to mention all the names of executed persons and the names of the tremendous number of political prisoners. However in order to give you an idea and proof of our claims, we will name Hussein’s own comrades, including people from his own party who were executed, so that you may imagine what he has done for other opponents.

1.       On the 30th of July, two weeks after the military coup of 17/7/1968, Saddam Hussein and his relative, Ahmad Hasan Al-Bakr, rejected their comrade Abdul-Razzaq Al-Nayef, the prime minister and many other ministers including Abdul-Rahman Al-Dawood the minister of defence, who actually played major roles in making the coup successful. Mr. Al-Nayef was exiled and later killed in London, England in 1978.

2.       A few months after the coup of 1968, Saddam Hussein’s gang assassinated colonel Abdul-Karim Mustafa Nasrat, who was a famous Ba’ath Party Officer.

3.       In 1970 a group of security police assassinated Mr. Hamdan Abdul-Ghafar Al-Takriti in Kuwait. This crime was directly ordered y Saddam because he felt that Hadan might compete with him to become a chief officer of the state, or the party. Mr. Al-Takriti was also one of three vice-presidents in addition to Saddam. Hardan Al-Takriti expressed disapproval of Saddam’s behaviour in many respects.

4.       Mr. Fuad Al-Rikabi, one of the founders of Al-Ba’ath party in Iraq, was killed in 1971 by a security policeman in the prison of Ba’akooba, which is located 60km North-East of Baghdad.

5.       Saddam has used every chance to get rid of his opponents. One of these occasions came in July 1973, when President Al-Bakr was visiting Bulgaria. At this period, Saddam and his aids planned a play. During this play, many opponents were killed or jailed. We list some of them:

    • Assassination of Lieutenant General Hammed Shihab, the Minister of Defence. He was a relative to Mr. Hardan Al-Takriti, mentioned in point 3 above.
    • Execution of Lieutenant General Nadhum Ghzar, DG of security Police. Mr Ghzar disliked Saddam’s granting security officer ranks to his own relatives who were incompetent and some have not even finished primary school. These officers were distributed throughout Iraq to help Saddam gain an iron grip on the country.
    • Execution of Mr. Mohammed Fadhil, who was the Chairman of the Military Bureau of Al-Ba’ath Party and a member of the Regional Command of the party in Iraq. Mr. Fadhil was originally from the Babylon province, which happens to be a different province than Saddam’s. Mr Fadhil was objected to Saddam’s policy in putting key military positions under the control of Saddam’s incompetent relatives and group.

6.      Saddam did not spare any method to eliminate his opponents and anyone who may become an opponent in his own sick mind. Other methods included the use of slow release chemical poisons (such as thallium), car accidents and similar criminal and cowardly methods. Examples of these:

a)       Assassination of Mr. Ali Salih Al-Saadi, a former Vice Minister, from Feb. 1963 to Nov. 1963, (the first Ba’athist period in Iraq). Mr. Al-Saadi was one of the leaders of the party in that period. However, Saddam felt that Mr. Al-Saadi had secret activities against his group. A special party was arranged for Mr. Al-Saadi during which he received drinks contaminated with slow-release chemical poison which killed him about two weeks after the part.

b)       This cowardly method of eliminating political opponents was reported by the BBC-London last September. Many political prisoners were given the deadly poison mixed with an orange juice or any other drink. Two or three weeks later the unfortunate victims die in a way that looks like natural death to the poor families.

c)       Killing by car and truck accidents has been a common method adopted by Saddam’s bandits. Examples of these are so obvious that even a hard-hearted person could recognise that they are planned and carried out carefully. Examples:
- Mr. Salem Al-Awwadi from Babylon province.
- Mr. Muth-hir AAl-Mutlaq, the son-in-law of former President
   Ahmed Al-Bakr.
In addition to these men, Mr Mohammad Ahmed Hasan Al-Bakr, the son of the former President was also killed by a car accident on direct orders from Saddam. Mohammad and his brother, Haithem had warned their fathers against Saddam’s plans to reject him, which happened a few years later.

7.      The bodies of Saddam’s own comrades and countrymen and women which covered his road to reach the presidency and party leadership were not enough to make him hold on to his blood-carried throne. The inauguration process was not less dramatic and interesting:

In a glimpse of hope of Iraqi and Syrian history during the first half of 1979, the two countries and the Ba’ath Party with all wings and fractions, decided to unite. The plan called for Mr. Al-Bakr to be the Chairman of the reunited Party of both countries and Mr. Hafez Al-Asad to be the president of the new united republic. Saddam opposed the plan because it would put him in the third or fourth place. He prepared to do anything to stop the proposed union. Consequently he decided to eliminate both “enemies” who appeared to block his hopes to be the “first man”. These two enemies are his relative, Al-Bakr, and the plan of unity. Since he has gained “great” experience to reach his goals, he and his aids forced Al-Bakr to resign. Thereafter, five regional leaders of Al-Ba’ath Party and other leaders of lower ranks suggested making an election for a new president, which would be a step toward some form of democracy for the Iraqi people. Saddam refused the idea. The group suggested having the election within the party only, but Saddam did not bear these ideas anymore. He charged the five men and their comrades to be conspirators against him by co-ordination with Syria. He reached his selfish goals by these means. He destroyed the unity project, appointed himself as a President, and eliminated his opponents, who were executed a few days later. The five leaders were:

a)       Mr. Adnan Hussein Al-Hamdani; Deputy Prime Minister, a member of the Regional Command of Al-Ba’ath part (RCBP). Although Mr. Al-Hamdani was a very favoured person by Saddam, he had committed the biggest “crime” by suggesting an election for a President, which may have brought someone else (other than Saddam) to power.

b)       Mr. Abdul-Hussein Al-Mashhadi; RCC General Secretary and member of RCBP. This means that he was an influential member of the RCC, and prominent Ba’ath leader.

c)       Mr. Ghanim Abdul-Jalil; Cabinet Minister, and member of the RCC and RCBP.

In addition to these leaders, 20 other leading members were executed. However the way these men faced their deaths was unique. Saddam and his aids felt that they have the free hand to show their artistic talent. Many of these people died during the savage torture. Their bodies were disfigured; without noses, ears cut off, some with pulled-out eyes, cut tongues, hands were cut off, the bodies had many broken bones. This was done to Saddam’s own comrades and party-men. This method of killing was, of course, applied to ordinary political prisoners also. This is still happening constantly in Saddam’s prisons. The crime does not stop at this point. When the bodies are delivered to the unfortunate families, strict orders are given to them not to make any noise or ceremony. If they see a mother crying upon her disfigured and murdered son, the security police beat her savagely.

  1. A person, who is taken to one of Saddam’s prisons, cannot count on any hope of seeing the rest of the world, definitely for some time. Nobody is allowed to inquire about the location of his brother, sister, father, or any person taken by Saddam’s bandits. A very good example for this is presented by the case of Mr. Abdul-Khaliq Al-Samara’ey who was a very good friend of Saddam. For three months in 1959, Saddam was hidden at Mr. Al-Samara’ey’s house because he was wanted for the assassination attempt of General Abdul-Karim Kasim. Saddam was smuggled to Syria with the help of Mr. Al-Samara’ey. However Saddam imprisoned Mr. Al-Samara’ey since 1973. Nobody heard anything about him or knew where he jailed him until his disfigured body was delivered to his unfortunate family in 1979. If there were an award for ruthlessness, Saddam would have received every day of his life.
  2. During all these years many attempts took place to limit or eliminate the influence and ruthlessness of Saddam and his gang. His punishment however, is far too severe to be believed. An example:
    There was assassination attempt in April 1980 on Mr. Tariq Aziz, the Deputy Prime Minister of Saddam’s government. A student of the Mustansiriyah University, whose last name was Ghulam, was allegedly suspected and charged. Even though Mr. Aziz was slightly injured in his arm and in spite of the fact that he did not even have to stay at the hospital Mr. Ghulam, his parents, and all his sisters were executed. Furthermore, the government suspected that he was an Iraqi from a Persian origin and therefore about 30,000 civilians were exiled, charging them that they were Iraqis of a Persian origin! These people had been living in Iraq for more than a generation, for50-60 and up to 100years. They have Iraqi citizenship, most of them possess Iraqi passports, many of them were members in the Al-Ba’ath party, and some were army officers, up to Colonel rank or more. All the exiled families were expropriated, were not allowed to take any of their belongings, not even food for their children and babies, but they were deported without mercy. These people were exiled to Iran they could confirm this report freely. Their houses and properties were distributed among Saddam’s security and intelligence men.
  3. Three foreign affairs ministers were killed successively in Baghdad. They were Mr. Nasir Al-Hani, who was also the first Prime Minister after the coup; Mr Murtatha Said Abdul-Baqi, former RCC and RSBP member; and Mr. Abdul-Karim Al-Shaikhli; former RCC and RSBP member.
  4. The most famous and prominent people, were jailed at the present time, but no one knows where they are, or what is happening to them ( noting that they are members of  the highest leadership of Al-Ba’ath party):
    - Mr Ahmed Hasan Al-Baker, the former president and Saddam’s relative.
    -Mr Munif Al-Razzaz.
    The chance is that these men have been tortured or even killed and buried secretly.  Nobody is allowed to enquire about them of course.
  5. During the weekly meetings of Al-Ba’ath party the members receive a new list of  executed members of the party because of their alleged “unfaithfulness” to Saddam or because they did not obey his orders perfectly or they co-operated with the Syrian Ba’ath party wing. Such executions are not published because the government considers them as part of the internal party affairs.  Also no other political executions are published because it “seems” to be no opposition to the historical leader of all times, Mr Saddam Hussain!

All this information and much more could be confirmed by your representative in Iraq or by any other possible way. 

How Saddam Hussain deceives the world.

Saddam Hussain dreams to be the leader of the Arab world.  He does not spare any illegal means to achieve his dream, if he stays alive long enough.  There follows a list of ways he has been using in the propaganda field.  He tries to deceive the world…

1.       By the use of  Iraqis petrol-money to buy support from third world leaders and newspaper owners.  During 1980 he granted them many hundreds millions of dollars for his personal purposes.  The Time magazine, published in the USA, reported that Hussain has in his deposit $150 million dollars a month which he uses for his purposes (Oct.5th.1980)  The Iraqi people on the other hand suffer under financial pressures in many ways

a)       Millions of Iraqis cannot have suitable houses.  They live in huts and cottages which are not suitable for human beings.  The government controls land parcels, building material purchase and other construction supplies and tools.  A young man who wants to build a house and have a family can not do this anymore because construction material such as cement and bricks must be ordered at least six months in advance.  The cost of building a house unaffordable by the average Iraqi.  In addition, renting a flat would cost more than the salary of a college graduate and up to two salaries if we include his bride’s income.

b)       The era of owning a car is a dilemma by itself.  Iraqi citizens are allowed to own 1 new car every five years.  Now, the hitch is that the car must be ordered through the government, money must be paid in advance.  The car costs normally 4 times the original value.  In addition, waiting time is no less than 2 years.  The person who pays, orders, and waits would receive a car on a take it or leave it basis.  He cannot decide the brand, the colour, the quality, or model of the car.  Many people pay six to eight times the original value of a car they want to have they have to but it privately which is forbidden. In  such cases the car registered in the name of the original owner because he is not allowed to sell it before the five years have elapsed.

c)       Corruption and long waiting lines are common practice in distributing local and imported food and goods which are sold through government agencies only.

2.       Saddam deceived the world by demonstrating his “popularity” through visiting individual families in the country. Actually the procedure of these visits goes as follows:
Intelligence and security men occupy and block the main roads leading to the individual’s house, and neighbouring houses are occupied. The house itself received a thorough ransacking after cutting telephone wires. Thereafter the “popular” president travels with his heavy guard through the emptied streets — accompanied by special TV team. The propaganda specialists meanwhile prepare the inhabitants of the individual house by telling them how to answer the proposed questions of the president. Any mistake is taken very seriously and could lead to an unfortunate fate. The president chats with the citizen and his family as planned. Afterwards the president asks them if they need anything and normally orders a gift to be given to the family. Usually these gifts are equipped with electronic listening devices to spy on the daily conversations of the family. If the unfortunate family happens to be unsatisfied with some conditions, they meet their ends shortly after the visit of the president Saddam. These visits serve many goals:

a)       Propaganda for popularity of the president is intensified by broadcasting such visits in the government controlled TV, especially between 8:00 pm and 10:00 pm. Most people turn off the TV and seek radio stations from abroad. Most Iraqis are fed up with the propaganda strips of the “popular” president.

b)       Ransacking the homes of individuals without previous warning or legal warrant.

c)       Spying on their own people through planted electronic listening devices in the “gifts” to the families.
* This was also reported in the Times Magazine Oct 5th, 1980.

3.       Saddam deceives the world by playing “democracy” games. As an example:
A national assembly election was called for June 20, 1980. Every citizen eligible to vote was forced to elect five candidates, pre-nominated in one list, instead of choosing one out of two or three or choosing five out of 10 for example. These candidates were pre-determined by Saddam’s intelligence department. None of these candidates was known to have opposition views of Saddam’s regime. Where in the world is a citizen forced to elect five members out of five candidates?

4.       Saddam deceives the world by showing off as a believer in God and a Muslim. The preparations for the president’s prayer are done as follows:
Security forces occupy and block the given mosque and close it for other people who want to pray. The president prefers to be alone. The propaganda officers show the presidential prayer to the world. In fact many religious leaders were executed because they refused to co-operate with the secret police and tell them the names of the congregation who oppose Saddam’s regime and policies. Other leaders of various congregations were jailed or exiled for some reason or another. The following religious leaders present the most famous ones who were executed:
- Mr. Abdul-Razzaq Al-Badri; he was a very famous religious scientist and a prominent Sunni Muslim. He condemned the savage crimes of Saddam’s gang against various ranks of Iraqi people. Mr. Al-Badri was a resident of Al-Adamia district in Baghdad, a famous religious centre.
- Mr. Mohammad al-Sadr< and his sister Bint Al-Huda. Mr Al-Sadr was a very famous religious scientist and a prominent Shiite Muslim (Shiite Muslims make about 60% of Iraq’s population, however, Sunni and Shiite Muslims believe in one God and follow the same fundamentals of the Islamic religion). Mrs Bint Al-Huda was a lady of great culture and beloved woman by the majority of the Iraqi people. She was savagely tortured before her brother’s eyes before they were executed by Saddam’s gang. Their ‘crime’ was that they opposed the savage treatment of the Iraqi people by Saddam’s regime.

In other ways, Saddam’s regime tries to cover up the miserable living conditions of the Iraqi people. The regime controls all news media; newspapers, TV and radio stations as well as the Iraqi News Agency. The foreigners are denied from getting tourist visas from the Iraqi Embassies since 1968, and it is very hard to receive business visas. This requires an official invitation issued by the Iraqi government authorities.

The ordinary Iraqi citizen is denied a proper work unless he is a member in Saddam’s Ba’ath Party. The ones who refuse to enter the party are treated as second-class citizens. One can find highly educated people with PhD degrees who have teaching jobs in primary schools. On the other hand one can find illiterate or nearly illiterate people occupying the highest ranks in the state, simply because they belong to Saddam’s gang or have the “Ba’athist Party Culture”. This rule applies to student level too. The student who wants to pass his examinations without hard work can do this by entering the Organisations of the National Union for Iraqi Students, which is controlled by the Ba’ath Party. By doing so, he becomes an “elite” automatically and passes his exams easily.

Many Iraqis who enter Saddam’s party live with a dual personality. During the party meetings and among comrades, these people are faithful Ba’athist and Saddam’s supporters. Outside this environment and among trusting people they reveal their true feelings and hatred for the regime. The people who do not enter the party experience daily and constant insults even if they do not do anything but mind their own business,

Dear Sir,

You have read a small portion of what is actually happening in Iraq.

The ones who are suffering, being exiled, tortured, jailed, and the ones who got executed are plain good men and women, like your brothers and relatives. Their only ‘fault’ is that they do not satisfy Ba’athist regime in their faithfulness, because they are more faithful to their God and country. They like to serve their country and be free in their thinking and affairs. Why not? They were born free. It is our obligation to bring the matter to your attention. We would like to work with you to put an end to the misery of millions of people. We would suggest the following means for an effective action:

1.                  To support the formation of a United Nation Human Rights Court to investigate and condemn the crimes of Saddam and his gang against the Iraqi people. We suggest that such a court be set up in Europe and be accessible to Iraqi citizens who would gladly testify about what is really happening in Iraq.

2.                  To move and/or support the motion of expelling Saddam’s regime from the United Nations and all UN organisations because such a regime did not, and will never serve humanity.

3.                  To impose severe economical and political sanctions against Saddam’s regime.

4.                  To press on the Iraqi government to allow the exiled Iraqis to return to their homeland, give them their houses, properties and bank balances back. Also they should be compensated for all the damages and losses which Saddam’s gang caused them.

5.                  To send demonstrative letters to Saddam and encourage all organisations concerned about Human Rights to demonstrate against him and demand the release of all political prisoners.

Most of these measures and any other suitable ones should continue until a legitimate government is established in Iraq. We desire a government elected by the people and supported by the masses. A government, which is fair and treats the people and is supported by the masses. A government which is fair and treats the people with justice and goodwill, allowing them to be free. Only then will Iraq be out of its Saddam-made isolation and resume its vital role as a country with dignity and usefulness to humanity.

Our movement is dedicated to help the Iraqi people to be freed from their great misfortune. It is a completely independent organisation. Your political, moral, and any form of support is greatly appreciated by the Iraqi people who will be very indebted for your help to overcome their misfortune.

Our organisation has been contacting many international personalities, heads of states, other organisations and media in order to win the support necessary to help the Iraqi people to enforce human rights in their country. We declare that all information presented in this manifest are true. We are ready to discuss and prove any point in this report at any location, preferably in Europe, and we defy the criminal regime of Iraq to delegate representatives to defend themselves or to prove the opposite of our proclamation.

Thanking you for your very kind assistance, we remain,

Yours faithfully,

Merwan Ali Al-Mousa, (T. Aziz Al-Sa’adi)

Chief of the Iraqi Committee for Human Rights and Political Prisoners Defence (ICHRPPD)

This is a computer version of the original typing machine letter.

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