الصفحة الرئيسية للسيد طعمة السعدي 
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Tu'ama Aziz Al-Sa'adi
(Member of the Leadership Council and Chairman of the
Political Bureau of the Iraqi Democratic Coalition)
136 Caldbeck Avenue, Worcester Park, Surrey KT4 8BJ
Tel: 011 44 20 83 66 18  Fax: 8330 61 05;

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Dear Mr. ,

I wish you a very happy New Year, and would like to send you the following report on Saddam Hussein's terrorist regime. I am a member of the Leadership Council and Chairman of the Political Bureau of the Iraqi Democratic Coalition, an Iraqi opposition grouping composed of the following groups and organizations with their representatives:

1-      Independent Iraqi Opposition Individuals.

2-      Iraqi National  Assembly , Dr. Sa'ad Al-Imareh.

3-      Iraqi National Movement, Sheikh Maliq Al-Qasid.

4-      Sha'abaniyeh (March 91 Uprising) National Movement, Mr. Majid Al-Asadi & Sheikh Ali      Al-Jubouri.

5-      Iraqi Tribes Council in Damascus, Sheikh Ali Al-Thalimi and associates.

6-      Military Bureau, Brigadier, Abdul-Khaliq Al-Samerra'ey.

7-      Beni Aridh Tribe, Sheikh Hussein Aal-Ribat (Sheikh of the tribe).

The Coalition has representatives or organizations abroad in the following countries:

1-      Middle East: Syria, Lebanon, UAE and Yemen.

2-      Europe: United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Scandinavian Countries.

3-      The United States: Pennsylvania and Chicago.

I would like to draw your kind attention the fact that I sent a letter to the Sheikh of Kuwait and other rulers of Arab Gulf states on 15th November 1980 warning them that they would be next on Saddam's hit list following his aggression against Iran. The original of this letter, along with other documents and correspondence covering our struggle against Saddam's regime is on file.

I sincerely hope that this report will be useful to you in your fight against terrorism. The world's worst terrorists are Saddam and his criminal associates. In my opinion this tyrant with his capabilities and resources is much more dangerous than the other criminal Osama Bin Laden and his terrorist organization Al-qa-eda.

Introduction:

People who are involved or interested in the political situation in the Middle East or the war against terrorist organizations and governments are watching closely the debate inside the US administration, Her Majesty's Government (UK) and other European governments regarding the next target in this war.

There is no doubt that Saddam Hussein's Regime (not Iraq in general) is the most brutal terrorist regime on earth. Consequently, this regime alone showed satisfaction and even happiness about the 11th of September criminal attacks on the WTC towers and the Pentagon. This stand reveals the depth of spite and malignity (that characterize Saddam personally and his gang) against the United

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States and humanity as a whole. Innocent people, of every race, religion and political persuasion  perished because of those unjustified criminal terrorist attacks.

Torture, rape, savage ways of  killing opponents are basic policies of  Saddam's regime. The victims can be enemies and even old friends, comrades, relatives or family members like his sons in- law Hussein and Saddam Kamill and his Uncle Kamil Al-Mejeed.  Moreover, Saddam would never hesitate to resort to the mass killing of opponents to survive and stay in power. This occurred during the Anfal operations when he killed more than 180,000 Kurds. More than 5,000 other Kurds perished in March 1988 in Helebcheh (Helebja) as a result of a chemical weapons attack. He also killed or executed hundreds of thousands of Shi'ah citizens in all parts of Iraq since he and his gang seized power on the 17th of July 1968. It is clear that you know his crimes against the Iranian People and Kuwait.                                                                                             

This introduction shows Saddam's stand against his fellow citizens to give you an idea regarding what he could do against other (foreign enemies) using weapons of mass destruction.  He is so cruel that the crimes of Bin Laden and his Qa-Eda terrorists would appear minor compared to what Saddam might do against the US and its allies. What is more, he wouldn't hesitate to wipe out all  mankind if he had the weapons and decided to commit such a crime.

How could Saddam and his party survive during the last 33 years?

The answer is the same way as the communist party and the KGB could reign the ex-Soviet Union for more than seven decades. Brutality and savage ways of killing of opponents, control of the armed forces, and national financial and economic resources in a way that turned the population into slaves to the rulers. The same thing happened in Romania and other ex-eastern  European Communist block countries.

                                                   

Analysis of Saddam's means of ruling Iraq:  

1-      Finance: He uses all the financial resources of the country to recruit mercenaries, influential individuals and organizations, inside and outside Iraq. This includes business people,

Arab rulers relatives, Russians, French people, other countries secret services employees, and other countries nationals. Contracts under the oil-for-food and medicine UN Resolution are also manipulated for this purpose. Furthermore, Saddam's Government is the only government that does not publish an annual budget. Consequently all Iraq's revenues are under the control of one person: The President himself!

2-      Armed Forces: He transformed the Iraqi Army from an organization whose main duty was to defend Iraq from foreign enemies to a repressive organization against the Iraqi people. Here again he uses finance to bribe the high ranking officers in different ways, such as large cash payments (in addition to their normal salaries), new cars, plots of agricultural land, houses, etc. The Iraqi Army is divided to many sub organizations such as the Special Guards who are the most loyal units, carefully chosen by the regime. The Republican Guards, the striking force of the army and the normal army regiments. Loyalty to Saddam is lowest among the normal  army

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Regiments. Most Iraqi soldiers are living in such miserable conditions that they beg other Iraqi citizens to pay for the cost of transport to see their families and return to camp from leave.

3-      Special Security Units.

4-      Intelligence Department (or  Mukhaberat) and its agents througout Iraq.

5-      Security Police (Al-Amn Al-Amm) and their agents throughout Iraq

6-      Al-Ba'ath Party members.

Above all, Saddam pays the special security units and guards about 10 times more (in salaries and benefits) than the intelligence, security police, and Republican Guards officers. Such discrimination infuriates these organizations.

What is the personnel composition of the fore-mentioned Organizations and Units?

Before answering this question examine the composition of the Iraqi population. Many foreign governments and political organizations do not know (or pretend to not to know) the real composition of the Iraqi People.

The vast majority of the Iraqis are Arab who comprise about 77% of the population. 60% of them are Shi'ah (Shiite), 17% are Sunnies. About 18% are Kurds and the other 5% are Turks, Ashorians, Armenians and others.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Iraq consists of 18 provinces. Three are Kurdish including other minorities, namely Duhok, Arbil, and Sulaimaniah. Kirkuk and Dyala are a mixture of Arabs, Kurds and Turkmans, Sunnies and Shi'ah (Shiite).  The three Arab Sunny Provinces (comprising other minorities) are: Mosul (Nineva), Salahuldeen and Ramadi (Al-Anbar). The majority of all the other 10 provinces, including Baghdad are Shi'ah Arab with different ratios of Arab Sunnies and other minorities

                                                                       

According to the fore-mentioned facts the vast majority of the Iraqi Armed forces personnel are Arab Shi'ah who suffered, and are still suffering from the regime's repressive measures. At the same time, the vast majority of the high ranking army officers are Arab Sunnies who supposed to be loyal to Saddam Hussein.

                                                                       

As a matter of fact, these Arab Sunney officers loyalty to the regime is decreasing day by day. Why?

Most of these officers belong to Arab Sunney tribes, namely: Ubaid, Jubour, Dulaim, Azzeh (Azzawi) Janabies, and the small tribe Ilbu Nasir, Saddam's relatives.

These tribes are distributed in the following provinces:

1-      Ubaid : Tikrit and the surrounding areas up to Kirkuk and Kurdistan's borders with the Arab part of Iraq. Some of them live in Mosul and Baghdad and other provinces. The Ubaid are well organized and loyal to their real Sheikhs. They are one of the very strong tribes and keep their own tribal weapons. The majority of Ubaid are Sunnies.

2-      Jubour: They are divided into Sunnies and Shi'ah and are less organized than Ubaid. The Sunnies are found living from the outskirts of Baghdad up to Mosul including Tikrit, beside the Tigris river. The Shi'ah Jubour are distributed througout Babylon (Hilleh), Al-Muthenna (Semaweh) and Al-Qadisiyah (Deawaniyeh).

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3-      The Dulaim are occupying the central west part of Iraq (Al-Anbar) from about 40 Km west of Baghdad to the Iraqi-Jordanian, and Iraqi-Syrian borders.

4-       Azzeh: They live mainly near Himreen Mountains about 120-150 kilometers north of Baghdad down to Al-Khalis near Ba'aqoubeh in Dyala province. Their Sheikhs live mostly in Delli Abbas north of Khalis. They are smaller than the fore mentioned-tribes.

5-      Al-Janabies: They live mainly in the northern part of Babylon (20-60 kilometers south of Baghdad), and in the outskirts of Tikrit. It is important to mention that these tribes are united in a major tribe ZUBAID to which they all belong,. Hence they are practically distant cousins, according to Arab tradition.

6- Ilbu Nasir: A small tribe that lives Tikrit in and in the outskirts of the town.

Saddam has killed and is still killing so many members of these tribes high ranking officers (and civilians such as ministers, ambassadors, Ba'ath Party leaders, including Tikrities from his home town), that every one of those officers is asking himself who will be his (Saddam's) next victim?

The majority of Special Guards and Special Security Units officers belong to Saddam's tribe - Ilbu Nasir- including his closest relatives Ilbu Umer and Ilbu Khattab (branches of Ilbu Nasir). As this tribe is a small one, the number of these officers is small relatively, and most of them have no qualification but brutality and their relationship to Saddam'

.

Saddam has also killed many of members of the Ilbu Nasir tribe. The ex-Minster of Defense ( Saddam's brother in law) General Adnan Khair-Allah, General Umer Al-Hazza'a and General Adnan Shereef are examples of Ilbu Nasir tribe victims who were killed by Saddam in different ways. The ex-president Ahmed Hassan Al-Bekr, his son Muhammed, and his son in law Muthhir Al-Mutleq are other examples of  Saddam's victims from Ilbu Nasir tribe. Other Tikrities include Herdan Abdul_Ghaffar, ex-deputy prime minister and Minister of Defense  (1968-1970), General Raji Abbas Al-Tikriti, Jasim Mawlood Mukhlis, General Resheed Muslih, General Tahir Yehya      ( Prime Minister in the 1960s) and many others.

 Most of his other relatives such as Ilbu Khattab are unhappy with him. This includes his stepbrothers, Berzan, Seb'aawi, Wadhban, Idham and their sons. Ilbu Umer, Saddam's direct relatives were not excluded from his brutality. This includes his sons-in-law Hussein and Saddam Kamil, their father Kamil Al-Mejeed (Saddam's uncle) and many others. The most recent victim was Ala'a Abdul-Qadir Al-Mejeed  -killed because he betrayed the tribe rules about three months ago, in a brutal tribal session chaired by the president personally.  Saddam's cousin Izzideen Al-Mejeed is living in exile (most probably in Jordan since he defected with his cousins, Hussein and Saddam Kamil Al-Mejeed with their wives (Saddam's daughters) in August 1995.

In fact, the only link that binds Saddam's relatives to him is their terror from the Iraqi people's retaliation if a revolution or a military coup toppled the regime. The reason for their terror is their savage crimes against Iraqis defending their master and his regime.

                                                                       

These facts have been mentioned to show the regime's strength and weakness. In fact, most Iraqis belong to large tribes. Tribal ties are strong in the rural areas and, to a certain extent, in the main cities. In these societies, revenge for a killed relative may be carried out sooner or later- some times decades later.

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How can such a complicated mixture of unhappy officers, from a grumbling minority lead the army and defend a brutal regime reliant on soldiers from an extremely repressed majority?

There is much less loyalty to the regime now than there was ten years ago. During Dessert Storm in 1991 the army didn't have a cause to defend, lost Iraqi territory to liberate, or a beloved leadership to protect. The result was massive desertion from the army units, surrender to the allied forces without a fight, and a terrible defeat. Most soldiers swore to desert again if Saddam sent them to another war. Furthermore, the other result was an uprising against him started in Basrah the most distant province in the South. It reached the remotest point in the north of Iraq at the Iraqi-Turkish borders. This was the best popular poll of the regime's popularity. However, its popularity stands now at its lowest level in the 33 years of Saddam and his party rule. During the uprising, 14 out of 18 provinces fell under the control of the rebels within a few days!  Ba'ath party members escaped to Baghdad or took part in the uprising, as did the security police and intelligence forces. Thousands of soldiers and army officers defected.

To illustrate Saddam's Special Guards low morale  during the last days of Desert Storm, witnesses from Baghdad, living near the main gate of  the presidential palace complex in Karradet Meryem told me that the guards at the main entrance gate (who supposed to be among Saddam's most loyal protectors) were so afraid of an attack by airborne marines against Saddam's palace, that they asked for shelter and civilians clothes. They were ready to defect before firing a single bullet to defend their master. The answer from the residents was: we shall give you some clothes if you hand over your weapons to us.  

                                                                                       

Why the uprising fail to overthrow the regime? 

1-      It was unorganized popular reaction against the regime's crimes, wars and defeats.

2-      It didn't have a united military leadership with clear military plans.

3--Lack of communication between the different local uprising leaders, broadcasting facilities and

     the media.

4-      Lack of heavy weapons such as tanks, artillery, helicopters, airforce etc.

5-      Lack of petrol, and financial resources.

6-      The uprising was isolated from the outside world and didn't get any military support, or news media cover. In short the entire world was turning a deaf ears to one of the most brutal crimes that Saddam committed by killing hundreds of thousands of Iraqis when he crushed the uprising. The mass graveyards will speak loudly one day and reveal the extent of these crimes.

7-Saddam was able to convince the Arab Sunnies tribes that this revolt was against them (as a

    minority) and the Shia'ah would take their revenge if they succeeded in overthrowing his regime.

    It was a big lie that he can't repeat again, because he turned against the Sunnies themselves and

    killed hundreds of them and their high ranking officers (who fought on his side to regain power

    in the rebel provinces).

 8- Saddam's regime has been reorganized and united his forces united. As a matter of fact his sons- in-law Hussein and Saddam Kamil (who were savagely killed with many of their relatives including their father, in February 1996 after getting an amnesty from Saddam personally) played a major role in crushing the uprising. The reorganized forces were equipped with massive supplies of brand new weapons of mass destruction, missiles, planes, helicopters, tanks, artillery, and all kinds of other

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equipment, including ammunitions and chemical and biological weapons. The rebels weapons were mainly rifles and ineffective guns.

The present situation:

How can an army that suffers the highest rate of desertion in the World (even in peacetime!) fight and stand against one of the best armies in the World with it's highest level of training, military might, sophisticated equipment and technology? The Iraqi army has no cause to fight for, and will not defend Saddam Hussein's regime. On the contrary this army will revolt against the despot whenever a definite decision is made by the US to overthrow his regime and a clear message is passed onto the Iraqis by targeting Saddam and his elite guards - not Iraq's infrastructure or normal military targets. Above all, I expect another popular uprising against the regime as soon as an attack takes place by the US alone, or with the UK. Baghdad will take part this time in addition to the three other provinces that didn't participate in the 1991 uprising (Ramadi -Anbar-, Mosul and even Tikrit - or Salah-eldeen-).The Iraqi regime looks strong from outside, but it is like the Swiss cheese, full of holes.

The lesson that we learned from Afghanistan:

Both Taliban and Alqaeda fighters were supposed to fight a prolonged war because their ties to their leaderships were marked by faith and religious beliefs. As martyrs they were promised eternity in paradise but these promises were baseless for two reasons: Firstly, God will not reward those who kill innocent people. It is clearly stated the Holy Qur'an that they will be thrown into hell for everlasting punishment. Secondly, Bin Ladin, his Qa-Eda and Taliban fighters were regarded among the worst criminals belonging to the most dangerous terrorist organization on earth. But their fighters did not live up to this reputation and the criminal organizations collapsed very quickly under sustained pressure. Saddam's organizations could suffer a similar fate.

On the other side, the only bond between Saddam and his soldiers is terror for the majority, and the large amounts of money to a very small number. When the barrier of terror is broken again, as in the uprising of March 1991, most of these soldiers, including low ranking officers, will revolt against Saddam. The others will simply desert from the army and go home or stay in hiding.

To sum up: With a successful psychological war and encouragement of the US and its allies, the army will takeover and keep law and order, establishing a caretaker government in a united Iraq.

What was the Arab and Islamic public reaction after the strike against  Afghanistan?

Many news media sources and observers exaggerated the Arab and Muslims nations reaction if the US and its allies attacked a Muslim Country ( Afghanistan). The real reaction, after the strike, was nothing but bubbles on a still water surface. As a matter of fact, Bin Laden, his Qa-Eda and Taliban were more popular than Saddam Hussein. Only misinformed individuals outside Iraq (unfortunatly there are many of them) do not believe that Saddam Hussein and his regime are nothing but a criminal gang like Bin Laden and the Taliban, wearing different clothes. Saddam's regime is a

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secularist, while Bin Laden and the Taliban raised the Islamic flag (even though they knew nothing of the real spirit of  peaceful Islam, and its true teachings). Accordingly, these two organizations were addressing more than a billion and two hundred million Muslims allover the World. Saddam only addresses his mercenaries, and a few other illiterates. Accordingly, fewer bubbles should characterize the Arab and Muslim world reaction if the US and its allies strike Saddam Hussein. But we shall see more jubilation (particularly from the Iraqis) if Saddam's regime is overthrown.

 Weapons inspection's dilemma.

It is obvious that fraud, deception, lies, concealment, dishonesty, cheating, perfidy, and all other negative adjectives characterize Saddam. His behavior, since he seized power, his violation of the Desert Storm's cease-fire agreement, and the experience of last 10 years UN inspection teams are few of the many examples that support this statement.

Now, the United States is trying to convince Saddam to accept the return of UN inspectors to investigate chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. It is useless for them to return, because I am sure that he will make their mission an impossible one.

If they returned to Iraq (which is unlikely now) they would have to inspect under every hospital, school, mosque (he builds mosques all over Iraq but does not open them for public prayers), church, plantation, cave, graveyard, mountain, parking place, sewerage system, tunnel, poultry shed, private sector factory, truck, train, government building, intelligence and security personnel residence, Saddam's relatives houses, etc.

                                                                                                                                                         They would find their job impossible. We say in Arabic:                                

BEHEAD the SNAKE for your own peace of mind.

Looking for a world free from Saddam and terrorist organizations, I wish you a very happy New Year, and all the best.

God Bless You

Yours Faithfully

Tu'Ama Aziz Al-Sa'Adi (Mr.)

Member of Leadership Council and chairman of Political Bureau

Syria Address :

P.O. Box 79 Seyideh Zaineb, Damascus / Syria

Tel & Fax 00963 11 64148 90

Mobile : 00963 944 52 114